News on People & Nature Consulting InternationalNew fishery improvement projects in Indonesia cover tuna, snapper, and grouper - 01 October, 2019
Two new fishery improvement projects (FIPs) in Indonesia seek to make significant portions of the country’s valuable tuna and groundfish fisheries, including snapper and grouper, more sustainable.
Saving Indonesia's Fish Supply - 30 May, 2019
In the $130 billion global seafood market, snapper and grouper are best sellers, and Indonesia is the top producer of these fish worldwide. These tasty fish are enjoyed sautéed as fillets and in fish sandwiches. But their growing popularity is dwindling Indonesia’s supply.
TNC Indonesia gandeng swasta perbaiki usaha perikanan - 06 May, 2019
The Nature Conservancy (TNC) Indonesia menggandeng perusahaan penangkapan, pengolahan, dan eksportir ikan, serta para nelayan, di dalam Proyek Perbaikan Usaha Perikanan (Fisheries Improvement Project/FIP) Kakap dan Kerapu Laut.
Why Restaurant Demand For Smaller Fish Fillets Is Bad News For Oceans - 19 March, 2019
Bigger isn't necessarily better when it comes to catching, selling and eating fish. For certain snappers, in fact, a market preference for plate-size whole fillets is driving fishermen to target smaller fish. For some wild fish populations, this is a recipe for collapse.
Traceability Fisheries : Makan di Jimbaran, Ikannya Mungkin dari Perairan NTT - 09 May, 2017
Dimana makan malam dengan menu ikan di Bali? Jawabannya bisa ditebak. Jimbaran, Kedonganan, dan Sanur. Ketiganya berada di dekat kawasan turisme di Bali selatan, dan masih memiliki nelayan yang melaut. Tapi apakah ikan-ikan yang dijual warung atau restoran itu berasal dari nelayan setempat?
We Can Have Oceans Teeming with Fish with FishFace Technology - 17 October, 2016
Traditional methods of gathering fisheries data can take as long as one or two years, costing time and money that many imperiled global fisheries don’t have.
Enter FishFace, a new application under development by The Nature Conservancy in partnership with Refind Technologies. Similar to facial recognition software used to identify people, FishFace uses artificial intelligence to learn to recognize fish species in photographs.
Managing Fisheries in a harsh new Environment - 25 April, 2016
When researchers from The Nature Conservancy chose an Indonesian fishing grounds as the focus for a project in 2014, they thought it would be a relatively simple fishery. Word was, only five or 10 species were being pulled out of these waters in the Timor Sea, near Indonesia’s maritime border with Australia. It seemed similar to a deep-slope fishery they had studied in Hawaii, and TNC thought it would be the perfect candidate to turn into a showcase of sustainable management.
The reality was far more complicated.
CORAL REEF FISHERIES - Challenges in Fishery Supply Chains - 05 February, 2016
The primary ways in which seafood supply chains perpetuate poor fisheries management relate to lack of transparency, absence of traceability, and perverse incentives that encourage unsustainable fishing practices.
Fishermen blast premier dive sites off Indonesia (Jakarta Post) - 20 April 2012
Coral gardens that were among Asia's most spectacular, teeming with colorful sea life just a few months ago, have been transformed into desolate gray moonscapes by fishermen who use explosives or cyanide to kill or stun their prey.
L'"homme de la forêt" victime de l'huile de palme (Le Monde) - 22 December 2011
Le point commun entre les orangs-outans d'Indonésie et le FC Barcelone ? Carles Puyol. Le capitaine du club de football espagnol, victorieux de la Coupe du monde 2010, a accepté d'être le porte-parole de ces paisibles primates, dont la population diminue chaque année du fait de la déforestation et du braconnage. Editées par le Partenariat pour la survie des grands singes (Grasp, Nations unies) et l'association International Animal Rescue, les affiches de cette campagne de sensibilisation montrent le sportif vedette debout devant des photos d'orangs-outans emprisonnés ou maltraités, avec cette interpellation : "I Care. Do you ?" ("Je m'en préoccupe ? Et vous ?")
Fresh wave of killings by hunters takes Indonesian orangutan to the brink of extinction (The Observer/The Guardian) - 27 November 2011
Conservationists have called on the Indonesian authorities to take urgent action to save the orangutan after a report warned that the endangered great apes were being hunted at a rate that could bring them to the brink of extinction. Erik Meijaard, who led a team carrying out the first attempt to assess the scale of the problem in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo, said the results showed that between 750 and 1,800 orangutans were killed as a result of hunting and deforestation in the 12 months to April 2008.
Humans killing at least 750 Bornean orang-utans a year (New Scientist) - 15 November 2011
Indonesians are killing endangered orang-utans at an alarming rate. At least 750 were killed in one recent year, according to a new survey. The survey focused on Bornean orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus) living in Kalimantan, the Indonesian side of the island of Borneo. Led by Erik Meijaard of People and Nature Consulting International in Jakarta, Indonesia, researchers interviewed 6983 people from 687 villages between April 2008 and September 2009 about bushmeat.
Borneo's Endangered Orangutans Pay Price of Progress (Voice of America) - 1 November 2011
Just a week after the last known Javan rhino was reported dead in Vietnam, a new study shows that orangutan hunting is on the rise in one of that animal's last refuges, the Borneo region of Kalimantan. With swathes of forests being cleared for industry, the endangered primates are entering villages and plantations for food - leading villagers to kill them as pests or to eat them.
When a Lie Comes to Life (CIFOR Blog) - 21 September 2011
BOGOR, Indonesia (21 September, 2011). Douglas Sheil and Erik Meijaard launched CoFCCloT in August 2011. A Google search for CoFCCloT results in 138,000 hits just now. Not bad for an organization that doesn't exist. » Full article
Conservation Equality – Demanding the same from Industrialized Nations as They Demand of Us (The OilPalm) - 6 September 2011
Amidst continuous claims from environmental NGOs over deforestation and the impact of agriculture expansion in the developing world, an organization has sought to bring some balance to the debate by suggesting forest conservation be equitable among all countries. The Coalition of Financially Challenged Countries with Lots of Trees (CoFCCLoT) recently issued a statement calling on G8 countries and the EU to commit to reforestation equal to the share of forests developing countries are being asked to preserve by industrialized nations and environmental NGOs.
Reasons to make a mockery of conservation science (The Guardian) - 24 August 2011
Britain should reintroduce wolves and bears, Greece should allow lions to roam the Pindos mountains and gorillas might be suited for Spain, a group of some of the world's poorest countries is demanding. In addition, says the Coalition of Financially Challenged Countries with Lots of Trees (Cofcclot), the G8 countries should plant up to 75% of their land with trees to stabilise the global climate. » Full article
Lions in Greece, the Reforestation of the West and the Use of Satire in Environmental Conservation (ScienceDaily) - 17 August 2011
As the Greek economy maintains its slide towards default and the global climate continues to change for the worse, one organisation, writing in Biotropica, has come up with some novel answers to both problems. Reforest the country to offset historic deforestation and reintroduce long extinct animals such as lions, boosting the economy through eco-tourism. » Full article
Where Have All the Geckos Gone? (The Jakarta Globe) - 28 May 2011
The call of the tokek, or gecko, is one of the most familiar sounds in Indonesia. Next to the smell of clove cigarettes, the calls to prayer, the friendly smiles and the ferocious afternoon rainstorms, it stands as one of the most easily identifiable characteristics of the country. But when did you last hear a gecko call? When we recently considered this question, we couldn't help but suspect that geckos are growing increasingly rare. We asked 65 Indonesian colleagues working in environmental research and natural resource management, and found that two-thirds of them felt that geckos were less common now than 10 years ago. » Full article
Indonesia Has Its Share Of Scientists, So Where's the Science? (The Jakarta Globe) - 23 March 2011
In 2007, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono launched Indonesia's national orangutan action plan, which calls for all remaining wild populations of orangutans to be stabilized by 2017. It is both an ambitious goal and a highly laudable one. But with regard to the specific plan, how does the president know whether it is a good one? Under ideal conditions, this is where good scientists enter the picture. They should be able to tell the president that his government - hypothetically speaking - has invested $20 million into implementing the plan, has secured 30 percent of the remaining wild orangutan populations and is perfectly on track to achieve its 2017 target. Unfortunately, it's not possible to say any of this because we haven't got much of a clue about what has been done and what has been achieved. » Full article
Carbon Emission Reduction Strategies May Undermine Tropical Biodiversity Conservation, Conservationists Warn (ScienceDaily) - 25 November 2010
Conservationists have warned that carbon emission reduction strategies such as REDD may undermine, not enhance, long-term prospects for biodiversity conservation in the tropics. Their warning comes only days ahead of the Cancun COP 16 climate change talks (Nov. 29 to Dec. 10, 2010)…. Lead author Dr Gary Paoli of Daemeter Consulting in Indonesia explained: 'Biodiversity and forest carbon are correlated at a global scale but we show that this is not the case at sub-national levels in Indonesia. This creates a trade-off between the emission reduction potential and biodiversity value of different ecosystems. In short, the highest carbon savings are not necessarily located in places with the highest levels of species diversity….. Co-author Dr Erik Meijaard of People and Nature Consulting International commented: 'A target-based approach also respects the sovereignty of countries to prepare their own targets, and fulfils objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity, both for recipient (tropical) countries and donor (developed) nations who are signatories to the convention.' » Full article
Orangutans are more resilient than researchers thought (Digital Journal) – 24 September 2010
There is hope yet for the orangutan in forest plantations and sustainably logged forests. Selectively logged forests and timber plantations can serve as habitat for orangutans, and populations of the ape may be more resilient than previously believed. A team of researchers led by Erik Meijaard of Jakarta-based People and Nature Consulting International has found roughly equivalent population densities between natural forest areas and two plantation concessions in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. » Full article
Orangutans can survive in timber plantations, selectively logged forests (Rhett A. Butler, mongabay.com) – 23 September 2010
Selectively logged forests and timber plantations can serve as habitat for orangutans, suggesting that populations of the endangered ape may be more resilient than previously believed, reports research published in the journal PlosONE. The study, conducted by a team of researchers led by Erik Meijaard of Jakarta-based People and Nature Consulting International, found roughly equivalent population densities between natural forest areas and two pulp and paper plantation concessions in East Kalimantan, Indonesian Borneo. » Full article
Study Says Orangutans Not So Solitary (Phys.org) – 12 August 2010
When British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace arrived in Borneo's jungles 150 years ago, one of his great hopes was to see orangutans. Even he was surprised at his success, spotting the red apes feeding along river banks, swinging between branches and staring down from trees almost the moment he arrived.
He saw 29 — shooting more than half of them and sending their skins and skeletons back home — in just 100 days, an experience shared by many other adventurers and collectors during the same period. » Full article
Hunting a key factor in orangutan's decline, study suggests (National Geographic) – 12 August 2010
Humans entering the forests of Borneo 150 years ago were six times more likely to encounter wild orangutans than they would today, a new study finds. The researchers suspect that heavy hunting over the years is to blame. The finding means our understanding of the lives and behaviors of the great ape is based on artificially low population densities. We may need to rethink what we know about our nearest animal relative. » Full article
Orangutan populations collapse in pristine forest areas (Mongabay) – 12 August 2010
Orangutan encounter rates have fallen six-fold in Borneo over the past 150 years, report researchers writing in the journal PLoS One. Erik Meijaard, an ecologist with People and Nature Consulting International, and colleagues compared present-day encounter rates with collection rates from naturalists working in the mid-19th Century. They found orangutans are much rarer today even in pristine forest areas. » Full article
Expedition records show severe orangutan decline (Discover Blog) – 12 August 2010
"I heard a rustling in a tree near, and, looking up, saw a large red-haired animal moving slowly along, hanging from the branches by its arms. It passed on from tree to tree until it was lost in the jungle, which was so swampy that I could not follow it." These are the words of the great naturalist Alfred Russell Wallace, describing how he caught sight of his very first orangutan. Around two weeks later, Wallace found his second individual and, as you would expect for a 19th century British explorer, he shot it dead. » Full article
Hunting a key factor in Orangutan's decline (TRAFFIC) – 11 August 2010
Hunting appears to have been significantly underestimated as a key reason for the historical decline of Orangutans, according to a new study published today. An international team of scientists noted how animal collectors operating in the mid-19th Century in Borneo were able to shoot Orangutans on a daily basis and speculated that 150 years ago, encounter rates with the forest primates must have been far higher than they are today. To test the hypothesis, the researchers attempted to quantify historic encounter rates from information contained in hunting accounts and museum collections and comparing them to recent field studies.
"Even after allowing for variations in the size and length of hunting and survey expeditions and other variables, we estimated that daily encounter rates with Orangutans have declined by about six-fold in areas with little or no forest disturbance," said Dr Erik Meijaard, of People and Nature Consulting International in Indonesia, the lead author of the study. » Full article
Indonesian people-not international donors or orangutan conservationists-will determine the ultimate fate of Indonesia's forests (Mongabay) - July 29, 2010
Is there a future for Indonesia's red apes and their forest home? Erik Meijaard, an ecologist who has worked in Indonesia since 1993 and is considered a world authority on orangutan populations, is cautiously optimistic, although he sees no 'silver bullet' solutions.
"Conservation is incredibly complex," he explained during a July interview with mongabay.com. "When people talk about something not being rocket science, I ask them to consider conservation science instead. Sending a rocket into space is child's play compared to finding optimal solutions to complex conservation problems that combine ecological, geological, economic, social, political, cultural, psychological, and other factors." » Full article
Acacia plantations are not good orangutan habitat, says Erik Meijaard (Kompas) - 17 November 2009
Recent studies by Erik and colleagues have shown that significant numbers of orangutans survive in the acacia plantation areas in East Kalimantan. This has given the impression to some that acacia plantations are good orangutan habitat. Erik clarifies in this article that although acacia provides some food to orangutans, the long term survival of this great ape will depend on maintaining a matrix of good forest with plenty of fruit within the plantations areas. » Full Article